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OT Theology # 13 Judaism [message #12454] Sat, 14 April 2018 20:32 Go to previous message
Mark L  is currently offline Mark L
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Registered: October 2006
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The Origin and Meaning of the Term "Judaism

The reason why we study this is because one can't understand much in the NT without understanding between the testaments. There is much in the NT that just appears without explanation. eg: synagogue, pharisees, Sanhedrin

The term "Judaism" occurs in 11 Maccabees 2/21,14/38. During this period (between the testaments) Judaism refers to the religion of the Jews as contrasted to Greek Hellenism.

The term in the NT is used to contrast non-christian Jewish religion with Christianity. Gal.1/13 Jews religion. The greek word is Judaism. Titus 1/14 Jewish fables. Gal 2/14 jewish customs

There is no word in the OT that can be translated "Jew" There is a word that is a persons name. "Yehudi" it means jewish or jew. A noun or adjective.
11 Kings 16/6, Ester 5/13, Neh. 1/2
The term comes from the kingdom of Judah. Jew or Judaism. Jew was originally a Judite from the kingdom of Judah. After the exile the name Yehudi began to applied to anyone who was a jew anywhere.

There is a difference between legalistic Judaism and classical Judaism. The point being that there is nothing wrong with Ezra and Nehemiah calling the people back to mosaic worship. This legalistic Judaism arose between the testaments after prophecy had ceased and there was no king and Israel was ruled mostly by priestly families.

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