|OT Theology # 10 Oaths and Taxes [message #12432]
||Sun, 11 February 2018 11:24
| Mark L
Registered: October 2006
Its Nature - In Israel it was a religious act.
The Hebrew Term
Deut. 6/13 Heb. is Shebuwah. It comes from the same root word as the sacred number 7. It implies perfection. Seven is often sacred and has religious significance and signifies completeness. The oath then implies it is seven times whatever you would say without the oath.
Kinds of Oaths
a) An assertion of a truth before the Living God
"as the Lord lives"
b) The oath of imprecation or curse.
This is an appeal to Gods penal justice against the wicked.
The Usage of the Oath
a) The Formal Oath
Gen.24/2 a promise
Gen. 21/23 to seal a covenant
Neh.6/18 an oath of friendship
Num. 5/19 an oath of innocence
Ex.22/11 an oath of purging - as in a court of law
Oaths were commanded by God to be in his name. It was to wean them from the other Gods they had learned in Egypt. The formal oath was always in the name of the Lord.
b) The Informal oath
This was not a commanded oath
11Kings 2/2 "as they soul liveth"
This was not something done carelessly or with profanity. sometimes they said "as I live". or "may the Lord do so to me"
Signs of the Oath
a) The pledge. Gen 21/27-32
b) Laying the Hand Gen.24/1-3 under the thigh of him who was sworn to. It was like shaking hands. The thigh was reverenced as the source of life. The most personal private and powerful part of the body
c) Raising the Hand to Heaven or God. Gen.14/22 swearing by the Lord
d) 1 Kings 8/31 an oath before the alter
The Sanctity of the Oath
The oath was very serious ans a religious act. to violate it required a sin offering. Even careless oaths required a sin offering to break it. Lev. 5/4, 6/3
The oath and the vow were different. sometimes they go together but they can't be confused. One would take a vow and then an oath that they would keep it.
There were new rules in the NT. Matt. 5, James 5