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Forum: OT Theology
 Topic: OT Theology #22 Eschatology
Re: OT Theology #22 Eschatology [message #12545 is a reply to message #12539 ] Sun, 23 September 2018 19:57
Mark L  is currently offline Mark L
Messages: 609
Registered: October 2006
Location: Canada
Senior Member
The OT Doctrine of the Future life

The Doctrine of Sheol

Beliefs regarding the Dead

1. Burial It was indispensable to the Heb. because . . .
- of the fact that man is created in the image of God
- out or respect for the dead
- the Heb. unlike the Greek didn't divide man up. The body was not something to cast away or burn. Even the body of a criminal was to be treated properly. Deut. 21/21-23

To a Heb. lack of burial was a calamity. 11 Kings 9/10
Lack of burial awaited Gods enemies Isaiah 66/24, Jer. 25/33
1 Sam. 31/8-10 This was considered an outrage

2. The Family Grave
It was important to the Heb. It may not be important to me where I am buried but the Heb. wanted to be buried with his family.
1 Kings 13/22
Both Jacob and Joseph were to be taken out of Egypt and buried in Canaan. Gen. 47/30 50/25 Ex. 13/19

Re: OT Theology #22 Eschatology [message #12546 is a reply to message #12539 ] Sun, 23 September 2018 20:42
Mark L  is currently offline Mark L
Messages: 609
Registered: October 2006
Location: Canada
Senior Member
The OT Doctrine of the Future life

The Doctrine of Sheol

The Relation Between Sheol and Hades

Sheol- OT term
Hades - NT term
In the NT they translate Sheol to mean Hades.
Ps. 16/10 Acts 2/27
The LLX always translates Sheol with Hades.

There are two interpretations of the relationship between Sheol and Hades

1. The Fundamentalist interpretation from the Schofield bible.
Prior to Jesus accession the dead abode in the pit or paradise (Abrahams bosom) And they were captive there. after Jesus ascension the unrighteous dead still go the pit but the saved go to where paradise is now in the immediate presence of Christ.
Eph. 4/8-10

2. Freemans View
Jesus reveals in Luke 16 that the righteous had always gone to paradise and were in the presence of the Lord. Nothing has changed in Sheol. Christ is just revealing the full meaning of paradise. The wicked go to torment in Hades andthe righteous to paradise in the presence of the Lord.
Sheol is translated Hades. Paradise never is.

Scholfield - Prior to Jesus ascension the righteous were in sheol At Jesus ascension they rose with him.

Freeman - paradise was always with the Lord even if it was called paradise.

In the NT the term Hades is synonymous with death and is usually used negatively. Bro. Freemans view is that no change took place in Eph. 4 as the righteous were already with the Lord.

Sheol Hades and Gehenna

The Ot and NT never confuse them.
Jer. 7/31-32 son of hinnom Heb is Gehenna

Babylonian Sheol- according to critical scholarship both Babylonian and Heb Sheol came from the same source. Babylonian Sheol is called ARALU. Its description is quite mythological.

Heb. Sheol
The inhabitants - both righteous and wicked - but separated

1. The wicked Ps. 49/14They are cast there as a means of punishment Ps. 9/17 Is. 14/15
They are punished with fire in the lowest part of the pit.
Their state is eternal with no hope of redemption.
Is.34/8-10, 66/24

The state of the righteous in Sheol
It is a place of rest and comfort 1Sam. 28/15
Dan. 12/13 rest and a future hope
Ps. 139/7-10 God was with him even in Sheol
Ps. 16/10 Prov.15/24 Is. 66/1-2 The righteous will not always be there


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