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Forum: OT Theology
 Topic: OT Theology #22 Eschatology
Re: OT Theology #22 Eschatology [message #12543 is a reply to message #12539 ] Tue, 18 September 2018 18:14
Mark L  is currently offline Mark L
Messages: 607
Registered: October 2006
Location: Canada
Senior Member
The OT doctrine of the Future life

Introduction

The OT saints didn't have full light but had enough to have hope for a future life. In the OT death had profound spiritual implications. Death is abnormal and unnatural.It comes because of sin.
God is in control of death. It doesn't just happen. The sovereign God of the OT shows he has the power of life and death. Death in ending the physical doesn't end existence. The OT shows the nephesh (person) goes to Sheol. In Israel only the Sadducees denied this.
Re: OT Theology #22 Eschatology [message #12544 is a reply to message #12539 ] Tue, 18 September 2018 18:49
Mark L  is currently offline Mark L
Messages: 607
Registered: October 2006
Location: Canada
Senior Member
The OT Doctrine of the Future life

The Doctrine of Sheol

Sheol - the place of the dead
Qeber -the grave
Bar -the pit

These words are often confused in the english translations but never in the Heb. Isaiah 38/18 is a poetic use of all three Heb. words.
Isaiah 14/15 Ezek 31/14-18,32/1-32 Bar designates the lower parts of Sheol (the pit)

Sheol - meaning - the place of departed spirits.
Is. 14/15 shows a distinction between Sheol and the pit which is in Sheol. The wicked are cast into the pit. some are cast into the deeper regions of the pit. The OT shows some nations were cast into the deeper regions of the pit depending on whether oppressed Israel or not.
Ezek. 32/1823,24 distinctions are made in the pit
One of the judgements on Egypt was it would lie with the uncircumcised. Egypt practiced circumcision as did Edom.

There are various segregations in the pit.
Ps. 88/16 the lowest pit
Deut 32/332 the lowest Sheol
Prov. 7/27 the chambers of death in Sheol
Is. 14/15 ,Ezek.32/23 The outermost parts of the pit.

Tophet - means a fireplace. From a root word which means to burn.
In the OT and NT Tophet was in the valley of Hinnom outside Jerusalem where Molech worship was conducted.
Child sacrifice was practiced here
11 Kings 23, Jer. 7/31-33, Jer. 19/4-13, Jer. 23/35
The Heb. word for valley was "Gai" The valley of Hinnom. Belonging to Hinnom was written Gehinnom
Jesus used the word Gehenna (same word)
Some apostate Israelite's worshiped Molech here After the exile
it became an accursed place and eventually became the garbage dump. Jesus pointed to that in the NT and along with Jer. 7/31-33
it became a symbol of the future destruction of the wicked
Tophet is a synonym of what we think of as a place of destruction or hell in the NT

[Updated on: Tue, 18 September 2018 18:49]


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