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OT Theology #8 The Sacrifices [message #12415] Sat, 20 January 2018 22:12 Go to next message
Mark L  is currently offline Mark L
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The Moral and Ethical nature of the Sacrifices

The view of the liberals is that it was only ceremonial and effective only for ceremonial defilement. Effective only for ritual defilement.

The answer to that is that it would make the sin and trespass offerings superfluous. Why have a blood atonement if it is only concerned with external defilement.

The ritual of atonement in these offerings speaks of moral and ethical considerations. Often when one is reading books on these matters you will find an unwarranted distinction between the levitical (ceremonial) and the prophetic (spiritual).

The Israelite didn't think of sacrifice just as ritual because he obtained forgiveness of sins and right relationship with God through it. The ritual was the means of Gods grace and forgiveness coming to him. The Hebrew didn't look at the sacrifice as something tempory and passing away or typical. Sacrifice was then the only sufficient means by which they could stay in right relationship with God. Therefore it was sufficient for the dispensation it was intended to serve.

This is not saying the levitical sacrifices were sufficient to take away sin or that they were equal to the sacrifice of Christ. Nor is it saying the blood of animals can take away sin but it is recognizing that it was the appointed means to stay in fellowship.

The ritual and sacrifice were the means by which the Hebrew obeyed the revealed will of God. To understand the OT sacrifices you have to look ahead from their point of view. You can't look back from the book of Hebrews.

The liberal view is that the primitive revelation was given to Moses. ie sacrifice and ritual. Then later a more perfect and deeper revelation came to the prophets and they preached against ritual.

Ps. 40/6-10, Is.1, Micah 6/6-8, Amos 521-24, 1Sam. 15/22, Jer.7/21 They did preach against mere ritual.
Ps.51/16-17,19 After a broken heart is come then the sacrifice is pleasing to God.

Re: OT Theology #8 The Sacrifices [message #12416 is a reply to message #12415 ] Sat, 20 January 2018 22:33 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Mark L  is currently offline Mark L
Messages: 607
Registered: October 2006
Location: Canada
Senior Member
A sin offering was required when:

- A high priest sinned
- The nation sinned
- On the day of atonement
- A civil leader sinned
- An individual sinned
- Purification after childbirth
- Purification of a Nazarite. ie touching a dead body
- Consecration of a priest
- Cleansing of a leper
- Any sin not covered by trespass offering

The reason a sin offering was required for a leper or an unclean sexual issue or sickness is representative of mans natural sinfulness. Most of these rituals aren't just ritual but God views them in their connection to the natural sinfulness of the human race. Disease for eg is part of the curse. Deut. 28

Trespass offerings were required when ;

- Not informing about a crime he witnessed.
- Touching an unclean object
- Rashly swearing a vow
- Misuse of the tithe or first fruits
- Abuse of trust ie losing a deposit
- Ignorantly sinning
- Illicit relations with a female slave
- A Nazarite who became defiled

All of these except touching an unclean object and the Nazarite are moral problems that required a sacrifice. OT sacrifice and ritual aren't meaningless but most were for moral and ethical sins. The Pentateuch shows the attitude of the sinner must be correct to have God accept the sacrifice.

Many offerings (whole burnt, free will) were given to God and not required. They reflected a spiritual attitude of the heart. He gave them because he wanted to. Trespass offerings mostly no one knew about the sin but the the sinner. It shows a spiritual attitude in the heart to bring the offering. Because you wanted to be right with God. To offer a trespass or sin offering was to do it in front of the whole nation.

There was no sacrifice unless the heart was right. Adultery, rebellion, premeditated murder God considered the heart not right for these things.

The Pentateuch is filled with moral and ethical requirements that are as spiritual as anything in the NT.
Ex.22/2-22, 23/2,Lev.19/2,18
All these things show that there is more to sacrifice than just empty ritual.

Re: OT Theology #8 The Sacrifices [message #12417 is a reply to message #12415 ] Sat, 20 January 2018 22:49 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Mark L  is currently offline Mark L
Messages: 607
Registered: October 2006
Location: Canada
Senior Member
Views of the Efficacy of the OT Sacrifices

1. Ceremonial Efficacy
It was merely Ceremonial. It was good only for ceremonial sins.

2. Temporary Efficacy
It was good only until the next sin offering. Or until the day of atonement.

3. Complete or Real Efficacy

The sin and trespass offering provided a real atonement for all sin. Moral and ceremonial. as long as the sacrifices were presented in humble faith and repentance. When the OT levitical law is consulted the effect of the sacrifice is said by God to be that it covers sin, makes atonement and forgiveness is granted.
OR
God said I will forgive him if he follows this ritual. God said it would work.
Lev. 4/35

He didn't have the book of Hebrews he just had Gods word. The humble pious regenerate Israelite with his conscience and heart burdened with sin by offering an acceptable substitute in the ritual could go home forgiven. The OT sacrifices offered temporary peace but only the sacrifice of Christ could offer permanent atonement. The OT sacrifices had an atoning efficacy ascribed to them by the law itself. There is nothing in the law to indicate to the Israelite that the sacrifices were merely types and shadows of things to come.

Re: OT Theology #8 The Sacrifices [message #12418 is a reply to message #12415 ] Sun, 21 January 2018 16:17 Go to previous message
Mark L  is currently offline Mark L
Messages: 607
Registered: October 2006
Location: Canada
Senior Member
The Problem of the Book of Hebrews

Heb.9/8-14, 10/1-12

From the worshipers standpoint in the OT the levitical sacrifices were effective in a two fold way

1. It restored him to fellowship with God
2. the sacrifices effected the actual forgiveness for sin

The Twofold Purpose in Sacrifice

1. The revealed Purpose. The covenant relationship between God and Israel was sustained through ritual and sacrifice. He was forgiven his sin and remained in fellowship with God through it. Which means the sacrifice didn't symbolize forgiveness apart from the actual realization of it. That would rob it of its immediate meaning to the Israelite. Forgiveness was obtained through the act of sacrifice.

2. The Hidden and future purpose as revealed in the Book of Hebrews

Every sacrifice that God accepted and gave them forgiveness for was validated in the mind of the Father on the basis of what he knew he would do with the all sufficient sacrifice of his own lamb.
Heb. 10/4 It can't take away sin but then nothing in the OT says that it does. What he promised was forgiveness and restoration to covenant standing. God himself in the OT promised forgiveness.
There is an apparent contradiction to some people which is explained in the fact that the OT sacrifices were efficacious only with respect to forgiveness and not with respect to purging away sin.

The point here is that only the sacrifice of Christ could purge away sin and without that forgiveness doesn't mean anything. Rom.3/25-26

Conclusion

Through the self sufficient sacrifice of Christ for sin Gods righteousness was at last vindicated. While the OT sacrifices provided forgiveness for sins yet those sins were never purged away. (he just in his grace passed them by) They were passed over by the forbearing grace of God until purged away by the sacrifice of Christ. On account of the eternal purpose of God to punish sin and provide an atonement in his son God pardoned people in the OT. He did not actually purge sins away until covered with the blood of Christ.

Owing to the forbearance of his grace God accepted animal substitutes to cover sin and propitiate his wrath until the fullness of time and with his own lamb he would validate all the forgiveness granted through the animal sacrifice.

All of this means That Christs sacrifice was already accepted in the counsels of God and by his foreknowledge before the foundation of the world.
Rev.13/8, 1Peter 1/19-20,
Rom.3/25 i the key to all of it.

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