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OT Theology # 5- The Tabernacle [message #12347] Mon, 01 January 2018 10:36 Go to next message
Mark L  is currently offline Mark L
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Worship- Mosaism

Ritualism
The place of the scriptures in Public worship
The place of worship
The tabernacle
Its arrangement
Its furnishings
The meaning and symbolism of the tabernacle
The sacred furnishings

[Updated on: Wed, 03 January 2018 14:48]

Re: OT Theology # 5- The Tabernacle [message #12465 is a reply to message #12347 ] Wed, 09 May 2018 12:53 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Mark L  is currently offline Mark L
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Ritualism

OT rituals are the pattern of spiritual reality. The NT teachings assumes one understands the OT symbolism and shadows of things to come. Rituals are outward signs of inward truths.
Heb. 9/1-12, Heb. 10/11,18-19

The covenant relationship between God and Israel was expressed in ritual worship. The aim of the covenant was to express in a graphic manner the need of cleansing from sin and holiness before God. The mosaic ritual was a visible conscious symbol of this truth. However the ritual was not simply a system of outward signs of internal truths. From the standpoint of the law it was the necessary vehicle for the actual realization of obtaining forgiveness and having fellowship with God. For example sacrifice did not symbolize forgiveness of sins and the propitiation of Gods wrath apart from the actual realization of these two effects. It was not merely a symbol
Re: OT Theology # 5- The Tabernacle [message #12466 is a reply to message #12347 ] Wed, 09 May 2018 12:53 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Mark L  is currently offline Mark L
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The Place of the scriptures in the Public worship

It seems to be subordinate to the ritual in the OT. The proclamation of the word in public worship does not appear as the principle thing in OT worship.

The liturgical churches identify with the OT not the NT and the alter is still central. The pulpit emphasizes the word. The alter emphasizes the mass etc. Is the alter central and the pulpit off to the side? In the liturgical churches it is.

We don't know how they did it but the word was to be taught by the priests. There is no mention of services in the OT to teach the word. Deut.33/10
Deut 31/10-11 The only public reading of the law was every seven yrs at the the feast of tabernacles. This was not negative because the parents were commissioned by God to teach their children.
Deut 6/1-7 They weren't stressing the word in their services because they were living it day by day. They were teaching their children day in and day out.

In the exile (586 BC) the synagogue appears. They no longer had a place to offer sacrifice and no more temple. The more pious people and priests got together and started a synagogue and a service. Ezekiel started services in his home. When Ezra got to Israel he built a pulpit out of wood.
Re: OT Theology # 5- The Tabernacle [message #12467 is a reply to message #12347 ] Wed, 09 May 2018 12:54 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Mark L  is currently offline Mark L
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The Place of Worship

The Patriarchal Period

God was very concerned about where they worshiped because the heathen did it everywhere. The places of worship were where the patriarchs set up an alter. That was often where God appeared to them. Gen. 12/7
Whenever they went back that way they would worship there. Sometimes they built an alter where they were moved by the Spirit to call upon the Lord. Gen.12/8
Gen.8/20 the 1st alter. It is implied in Gen.4/4 the sacrifice of Abel. A blood sacrifice. It was forbidden to sacrifice on the ground. They had to do it on an alter.The name for alter is taken from the word for sacrifice. In this early period it wasn't like us today or the sabbath in Israel. The patriarch was the priest of his house.

The Mosaic Period

God was very specific about where they could worship. It could only be the place where God designated.
Deut. 12/2-15
vs 13-14 They could sacrifice only where God told them to.
The sanctuary was for two reasons:
a) to keep the people from idolatry
b) to keep the people in theocratic unity. A theocracy.


The problem of Deut. 12 & Ex.20

Ex.20/24, Deut.12/2-15 This was given during the exodus wanderings. They moved around a lot and when they did they would put up the Tabernacle and build an alter. Deut. was the law. God was going to establish a temple and only there could they sacrifice.

The Locations of the Tabernacle

It was portable and could be moved at will. During the conquest of Canaan it was at Gilgal. Joshua 4/19. Then moved to Ebal Joshua 8/30-35. The tabernacle which is a type of the later temple was portable but wherever it was the people had to bring their sacrifices there.
After the conquest it was set up at Shiloh and stayed there during the Judges. During Samuels time it was moved to Nob. During Davids reign it was at Gibeon. Solomon built the temple at Jerusalem.




Re: OT Theology # 5- The Tabernacle [message #12468 is a reply to message #12347 ] Wed, 09 May 2018 12:55 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Mark L  is currently offline Mark L
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General Description of the Tabernacle

The mosaic sanctuary was a tent called the tent of meeting (the meeting of God with his people). It was sometimes called the tent of testimony.
The outer court was 150' long X 75' wide.They all couldn't get in there to hear the word so the ritual was emphasized. They taught the word in other ways.
The tabernacle itself was 45' long X 15' wide X15' high. It was made of boards covered with curtains with door facing east. The actual tabernacle was covered with goats hair cloth and then covered with two other sets of curtains.
The tabernacle had two rooms. The holy place was 30' long X 15' wide X 15' high leaving the Holy of Holies a perfect cube(15 x 15 x 15) signifying perfection.
Re: OT Theology # 5- The Tabernacle [message #12469 is a reply to message #12347 ] Wed, 09 May 2018 12:57 Go to previous messageGo to next message
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The Arrangement of the Tabernacle

a) The Alter of Burnt Offering

7.5' wide X 4.5'high. This was an alter made of acacia wood covered with bronze so it would withstand the heat. The inside was stone and in the exodus it was earth. There were steps up to the alter but the priests could not use them. He had to use an incline so that his robes wouldn't flutter and his nakedness shown. He had to be ultra modest in his approach to God.

b) The Laver

A big bronze or copper bowl. The priests had to wash their hands and feet before they ministered at the alter or the holy place.

c) Table of Showbread

3' long X 1.5' wide X 2.25' high. In Hebrew it is called the table of his presence. Num. 4/7 There were 12 loaves on it and only the priests could eat it. Except as David in case of human need. 1 Sam.21

d) The Golden Lampstand

A lampholder with 7 branches signifying perfection. There were 7 bowls on top shaped like almonds holding oil which burned continually with pure olive oil.

e) The alter of Incense.

This was made of acacia wood covered with pure gold. 3' high and 1.5' square. It was sometimes called the golden alter. It was set right before the veil which hid Gods presence.

f) The Ark of the Covenant or Ark of the Testimony

The top of the ark was a solid gold plate called in KJV the mercy seat. The Heb. is the propitiatory. Upon it were two golden cherubim with their wings outstretched over the ark with their wings touching each other. 3.75' long x 2.25'wide x 2.25'high
Poles for bearing the ark stayed in the rings on the ark.No one even the high priest could touch the ark. When the high priest went in once a year he had to put a big laver of incense in first so he couldn't see it. It had to be covered prior to moving it.

The Veil

It was made of the finest linen and covered with cherubim to hide the holy of holies from everyone.


The Ark

https://s3.amazonaws.com/plugpolo/poloup/up/a/a25/a25683bebc c84190af8603a9ffd95bfb/img1.jpg

The tabernacle

https://carm.org/images/tabernaclelayout.jpg

Re: OT Theology # 5- The Tabernacle [message #12470 is a reply to message #12347 ] Wed, 09 May 2018 12:58 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Mark L  is currently offline Mark L
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The Meaning and Symbolism of the Sanctuary

The Three Divisions

a) The Outer Court. Only the covenant people could enter here. No gentiles allowed. This points to only Christians being able to enter the kingdom.

b) The Holy Place. It was veiled and lighted but only the anointed priesthood could enter in. This points to Jesus as our high priest.

c) The Holy of Holies. It was veiled and in darkness. Only the high priest and then only once a year.

The Basic and Deeper Spiritual Meaning of the Tabernacle

The tabernacle (lit. the tent of meeting) God literally dwelt here in the midst of his people.

By virtue of the fact that there was a veil between him and the people and only the priesthood could minister for him and for the people then the people were made conscious that though he condescended to dwell with in their midst yet because of their sinfulness this communion could not be realized directly but only through the consecrated priesthood.

Lest the priesthood forget that they were only symbolically holy they were limited to the holy place and could not enter the holy of holies. The 3 divisions emphasized the division between a holy God and a sinful people who needed a mediator.

But the significance is that God condescended to dwell among them and instituted the ritual that held out the hope of one dy a permanent way would be made into his presence. It testified to the possibility of sinners approach to God in a more meaningful way. The more pious Israelite could put things together and understand a lot.
eg. john the Baptist - there goes the lamb of God . . . John 1/29
Abraham saw my day . . . John 8/56

Re: OT Theology # 5- The Tabernacle [message #12471 is a reply to message #12347 ] Wed, 09 May 2018 13:00 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Mark L  is currently offline Mark L
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The sacred Furnishings

1. The great Alter

This alone was available to the congregation. Here was where he had communion with God. If he didn't come by way of the alter he wasn't accepted by God. He could only come by faith and by way of a blood sacrifice.

The Laver

This is where the priest washed his hands and feet and signified that he who carried out the ministry of reconciliation had to sanctify his own life first. Jesus most scathing denunciations were of the religious leaders for their failure to do this.

Alter Of Incense

This burned perpetually day and night and signified the prayers of the priests as they ministered for the people as intercessors.
Num. 14/46 He didn't pray he just grabbed fire off the alter and incense.

Table of Showbread

12 loaves representing the 12 tribes of Israel. The Heb. is the table of presence and signified that God was present among his people to provide for them.

Golden Lampstand

A light which signifies the pure light of revelation which only Israel had. It had 7 branches with 7 bowls on top shaped like almonds holding oil which burned continually with pure olive oil.
Psalm 147/19-20

- seven is the number of perfection
- seven days then the sabbath
- seven years then the sabbatical
- Evey seven times seven years then the year of Jubilee
- the Feast of Tabernacles seven days long
- the Passover - seven days long
- seven weeks from Passover to Pentecost
- seven lambs offered at Pentecost

The Ark of the Covenant

This was in the Holy of Holies and signified the throne for Israels king and his presence among his people. He was literally enthroned there. Lev.16/2, Ex.29/42-46
The significance of the Ark is that inside were the two tablets of stone. God sits enthroned in Israel on the basis of the law covenant he made with them. He sits on the law. It was a continual testimony of the need to keep the law. But the mercy seat covers the broken law which the Israelites broke and needed forgiveness for. The blood was sprinkled on it. The blood which God provided by his grace covered over the sin and broken law. There is the meeting place - grace and atonement.
Re: OT Theology # 5- The Tabernacle [message #12472 is a reply to message #12347 ] Wed, 09 May 2018 13:01 Go to previous message
Mark L  is currently offline Mark L
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The Deeper Spiritual Understanding of the Tabernacle

There are three realms of the christian experience . . .

a) Eph.1/4-12 refers to the outer court - the salvation experience.
b) Eph.1/13-14 the holy place - baptism of the HS
c) Eph. 3/19,4/13 The holy of holies - the fullness of God

Any christian can enter into the presence of God (with or without the Baptism of the HS) by the Blood of Jesus. Its one thing to have access its another entirely to abide there.

a) The outer court suggests the kingdom realm. All the Israelites could enter here. They had to come to the alter to get forgiveness. Like salvation all can come here. Eph.1/4-12

b) The holy place suggests the spiritual realm. This is the place of anointing and ministry. Refers to the HS Baptism. Without an anointing (oil) no priest could enter here. Eph.1 13-14

c) The holy of holies suggests the realm of the spirit. The place of the presence of God. The place of anointed ministry. The place of the fullness of God. Eph. 3/19, 4/13

a) To be born of the spirit gives us life in the kingdom realm.
b) Being baptized by the Spirit gives us anointing and power in the ministry realm
c) Being perfected by God is the holy of holies. The fullness of God.

It is one thing to have access to Gods presence but another to abide there. Ps. 91 speaks of abiding there. Its not Gods will to stop with salvation or the HS baptism experience but to pick up the cross and follow Jesus as Pauls prayer in Eph. 3 says. Faith in Christ gives us the right of access. The crucified life gives us the right of abiding.
- John 15/7 not all are abiding in Christ
- Ps. 91/1 You have to abiding to get the promises
- Rev. 7/9-10 The saved can stand before his throne
- Rev. 3/21 O/C's can sit on his throne with him
- Rev. 2/26-27 O/C's rule and reign with him. O/C's have picked up the cross and moved on.
- Ps. 103/7 His ways to Moses and his acts to Israel

Christ in the Tabernacle

One can draw a line from the ark to alter through the laver and the alter of incense. Then another line from the lampstand to the table. You can see the cross right in the tabernacle.
Phil. 2 Jesus the king came fro the fullness of God down to us and then after his work was finished he went back to the fullness of God. Our call is to follow him by taking up the cross.

a) the holy of holies Col.1/19, Phil.2/1-8
b) the lampstand John 1/1-9, 8/12 In 1/7-9 the word Light is capitalized. Jesus was the light of the world.
c) the table of showbread. He offered himself s the bread of life. John6/26-36, 48
d) He is the laver in the outer court. Symbolic of cleansing. He is the water of life. John4/10,13-4
e) the great alter of sacrifice. John 1/29
f) the alter of incense Heb.7/25 He functions as our intercessor as the priests did ministering in the tabernacle.
g) Jesus went to the Father- back to the fullness of God.Phil. 2/9-11
Everything in the tabernacle points to him and speaks of him. Either his person or his work.

The alter is John 3/16 and most stay here. The laver speaks of water baptism Matt.28 with Acts 2/38 The holy place is the call to come deeper into the HS baptism and evidenced by tongues the alter of incense. Most also begin to receive revelation and understanding - the lanmpstand. The revelation concerns the purpose for salvation and HS Baptism not to sit down and hold a praise service. Receiving these things will give us an appetite for our diet. The bread of life or the talbe of his presence. 1 Peter 2/2. The HS Baptism and the word will bring you into the fullness of God.

Everything in the tabernacle even the type of sacrifice pointed to Jesus. This doesn't mean you can take every board and utensil and get some spiritual significance out of it
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