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OT Theology #22 Eschatology [message #12539] Fri, 24 August 2018 10:48 Go to next message
Mark L  is currently offline Mark L
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Introduction

This refers to both national and individual resurrection. The critics play it down believing eternal life to be living on through your descendants.

There supposed to be two different types of eschatology.
1. revealed eschatology 2. apocalyptic eschatology

1/ Revealed eschatology This is the type of end-time prophecy which occurred primarily during the pre-exilic period before foreign domination. The prophet spoke clearly without reference to symbols.
Eg. Amos 1-2 9/11-15, Is.1 clear understanding

2. Apocalyptic This is a revelation of end-time events in cryptic language.
There is much symbolism hidden meanings, double meanings, visions etc. eg. Danial, Ezekiel

The problem with that is one cannot make any clear distinctions between the two types. eg Joel 2-3,Is.24-26 Both are pre-exilic yet apocalyptic. These two types are not mutually exclusive.



Re: OT Theology #22 Eschatology [message #12540 is a reply to message #12539 ] Fri, 24 August 2018 11:06 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Mark L  is currently offline Mark L
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The Day of the Lord As Judgement upon Israel

A) There are two key time concepts in the OT

1. Looking back to the exodus as time of deliverance when Israels election was revealed Ezek. 20/6
2. The eschatological concept. Looking forward to the end times. Because of her sin and disobedience there would be a day of judgement upon Israel. The gentiles also and the salvation of a remnant.

B/ The teaching of the prophets

Obadiah 8456 BC. This was the first prophet to write about it. One has to keep in mind there are two time concepts in the prophets. The future judgement upon Israel and the heathen nations and end-time judgements on Israel and the nations.

Joel 2-3 are apocalyptic based upon a national calamity in chap 1. All the prophets use the expression "day of the Lord" or "that day"

Amos 760 BC Amos 5/18-20
Isaiah 739 BC Is. 7/17-23
Jeremiah 627 BC Jer.30/7,25/33, 46/10
Zephaniah 640 BC His whole message is the day of the Lord

[Updated on: Sun, 26 August 2018 12:47]

Re: OT Theology #22 Eschatology [message #12541 is a reply to message #12539 ] Fri, 24 August 2018 11:16 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Mark L  is currently offline Mark L
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The day of the Lord As Universal Judgement

Amos 1/3,6,9,11,13,2/1,2/4 The point here is not just judgement but universal judgement.
Isaiah 14,17,20 Ezek.30/3f
Ezek. 25-32 covers just about every nation of his day
Zephaniah - judgement upon the whole world
The point here is its not just judgement on Israel but upon all the nations and the whole world.

The Day of the Lord As Deliverance

The prophets said over and over again that it was a day of evil and destruction. But they also said it was for purging out a remnant.
Jesus also said it over and over. Narrow & few . . .

[Updated on: Sun, 26 August 2018 13:02]

Re: OT Theology #22 Eschatology [message #12542 is a reply to message #12539 ] Sun, 26 August 2018 14:43 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Mark L  is currently offline Mark L
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The OT doctrine of the Remnant

1. The Origin Lev.26/38-45
Deut. 4/24-31 30/1-10
The point is that God says at the beginning of Israel that they would sin and he would cast them away but he would preserve a remnant.

2. Pre-exilic period
It goes back to the time of Elijah.
1 Kings 19/10,18
God preserved 7000 Out of the whole nation only 7000 left.

3. Pre-exilic periods.
Hosea speaks of the national resurrection of Israel. Which will come out of the remnant which is left.
Ezekiel 37 vision of the dry bones.

4. The remnant and the doctrine of election
Rom. 9/26-29, 11/1-5 11/25-26 The nation saved is the remnant
A remnant has been preserved through history including some who were not elect to preserve Israels nationality.

Ezek. 20/ 33-38 The rebels will be purged out and the balance is the remnant. National Israel will be saved.
Is.6/9-13
Isaiah named one of his sons "the remnant shall return"
Isaiah 1.25-28 A remnant will be preserved out of the judgement

5. Isaiah places the time of the remnant to be delivered in the millennium. Is.11/1-16
Jer.23/3-6 The delivered remnant is in the time of messiahs remnant in the millennium.
Micah 2/12-13 4/1-7, 5/7-9
Ezek. 12/14-16,14/20-22, His day
Ezek. 20/30-38 the end-time remnant
Dan. 7/21-22,27
Zephaniah 2/9, 3/12-13
Joel 3/28,3/22 The context is the day of the Lord
amos 9/8
Malachi 4/1-2

The NT is Matt 7 - few and narrow

The Purpose in the Deliverance of the Remnant

The purpose of pouring out judgement and purging a remnant is so God will have a people to serve him when he establishes his kingdom. Without preserving a remnant there would be no more left

Re: OT Theology #22 Eschatology [message #12543 is a reply to message #12539 ] Tue, 18 September 2018 18:14 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Mark L  is currently offline Mark L
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The OT doctrine of the Future life

Introduction

The OT saints didn't have full light but had enough to have hope for a future life. In the OT death had profound spiritual implications. Death is abnormal and unnatural.It comes because of sin.
God is in control of death. It doesn't just happen. The sovereign God of the OT shows he has the power of life and death. Death in ending the physical doesn't end existence. The OT shows the nephesh (person) goes to Sheol. In Israel only the Sadducees denied this.
Re: OT Theology #22 Eschatology [message #12544 is a reply to message #12539 ] Tue, 18 September 2018 18:49 Go to previous message
Mark L  is currently offline Mark L
Messages: 607
Registered: October 2006
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The OT Doctrine of the Future life

The Doctrine of Sheol

Sheol - the place of the dead
Qeber -the grave
Bar -the pit

These words are often confused in the english translations but never in the Heb. Isaiah 38/18 is a poetic use of all three Heb. words.
Isaiah 14/15 Ezek 31/14-18,32/1-32 Bar designates the lower parts of Sheol (the pit)

Sheol - meaning - the place of departed spirits.
Is. 14/15 shows a distinction between Sheol and the pit which is in Sheol. The wicked are cast into the pit. some are cast into the deeper regions of the pit. The OT shows some nations were cast into the deeper regions of the pit depending on whether oppressed Israel or not.
Ezek. 32/1823,24 distinctions are made in the pit
One of the judgements on Egypt was it would lie with the uncircumcised. Egypt practiced circumcision as did Edom.

There are various segregations in the pit.
Ps. 88/16 the lowest pit
Deut 32/332 the lowest Sheol
Prov. 7/27 the chambers of death in Sheol
Is. 14/15 ,Ezek.32/23 The outermost parts of the pit.

Tophet - means a fireplace. From a root word which means to burn.
In the OT and NT Tophet was in the valley of Hinnom outside Jerusalem where Molech worship was conducted.
Child sacrifice was practiced here
11 Kings 23, Jer. 7/31-33, Jer. 19/4-13, Jer. 23/35
The Heb. word for valley was "Gai" The valley of Hinnom. Belonging to Hinnom was written Gehinnom
Jesus used the word Gehenna (same word)
Some apostate Israelite's worshiped Molech here After the exile
it became an accursed place and eventually became the garbage dump. Jesus pointed to that in the NT and along with Jer. 7/31-33
it became a symbol of the future destruction of the wicked
Tophet is a synonym of what we think of as a place of destruction or hell in the NT

[Updated on: Tue, 18 September 2018 18:49]

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