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OT Theology # 18 The Theocracy of God [message #12494] Thu, 24 May 2018 21:10 Go to next message
Mark L  is currently offline Mark L
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Registered: October 2006
Location: Canada
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The Old Testament Theocracy

1/ The Origin of the Term

Josephus said "Some have monarchy and democracy and oligarchies but God wouldn't have any of these. He established a theocracy assigning the rule and power to himself."

This means the state is established upon pure religion and God is the king and also the God they worship. All laws and affairs of state come from him. Even if sometimes they come through man.

The Theocracy

a. Origin of the conception of Yahweh being King

He became the king of Israel when he bound them to himself in covenant during the exodus. Ex.15/18
Deut.33/5 Jeshurun is a poetic name for Israel Is.44/2.
This was the beginning of his kingly rule. Is.43/15, Is. 33/22

We see God as king through Moses leadership
Judges 8/22-23 We see God as king in the life of Gideon.
We see all through the OT that prophets like Samuel pointed to God as king. A leader was judged as leader not as a great warrior but on religious grounds. ie. His relationship to God.

Psalm 2,24 It is said over and over in the Psalms and Prophets. God as king is not a figure of speech. When he delivered them and entered into covenant with them and built a tabernacle. He took the ark as his throne and his personal presence was there in the midst of Israel.
Zech. 14/9 He will one day rule over all kingdoms

[Updated on: Wed, 30 May 2018 17:20]

Re: OT Theology # 18 The Theocracy of God [message #12495 is a reply to message #12494 ] Thu, 24 May 2018 21:36 Go to previous message
Mark L  is currently offline Mark L
Messages: 607
Registered: October 2006
Location: Canada
Senior Member
b. The Vice-Regency - Yahwehs Representative - The Judge

God as invisible Spirit ruled through selected representatives. The earthly representative of divine sovereignty power and presence.
Samson represented God's power.
Gideon with 300 men overcame millions
The point here is the judge didn't do things on his own initiative but only as Gods representative when God anointed him.

c. The Vice-Regency - Yahwehs Representative - The King

The Holy Spirit came upon a judge but a king was anointed with oil. The oil being representative of the HS.
1 Sam. 24/6,10, 11 Sam.1/14-15

d. The Vice-Regency - Yahwehs Representative - The Ideal king

It is referring to the Messiah
Micah 4, 5/2, Is.2, Zech.14, Is.9/6-7 Jer. 23/5-6 Ezek 24/34
Dan.2/24 The sovereign and eternal naturre of this kingdom. It will come and destroy all other kingdoms.

e. The Vice-Regency - Yahwehs Representative - The Prophet

Originally the kingdom was a loosely knit group of tribes in Palestine ruled by judges. Then the kingship was established.
God remained king and showed himself as God and one way was by special anointed spokesman. ie prophets. they spoke for God.

The involvement of the prophet in the Hebrew kingship was an indication of the subordination of the earthly king to the divine.
The prophet was so uniquely related to God that he could do what the king couldn't.
eg. David wouldn't speak against Saul but the prophets did.
Nathan rebuking David 11 Sam. 12
Nathan participated in the appointment of Solomon 1 kings 1
Abijah encouraged the revolt against Solomon 1 Kings 11
Elijah rebuked king Ahab

Thus in Israel the king does not dispossess God of his kingship. He merely represents him. God sets him up and God removes him. Usually by a prophet.

The Purpose of the Theocracy

The prophets were convinced that history was moving toward a specific purpose. Zech.14/9 The kingdom of God on the earth- The millennium

[Updated on: Wed, 30 May 2018 17:20]

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