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OT Theology #14 Literature (exile) [message #12474] Thu, 10 May 2018 11:53 Go to next message
Mark L  is currently offline Mark L
Messages: 594
Registered: October 2006
Location: Canada
Senior Member
The Literary Productions of the Exile

1/ The Canonical books
Esther,Ezra,Nehemiah,1&2 Chronicles
All these were written during the exile

2/ The Septuagint

250 BC
The Bible (OT) was translated by 70 Jewish scholars into Greek because many Jews spoke Greek.
Sometimes called the LXX after the Latin Roman Numerals for 70

3/Apocrapha

Very important history contained here. The word Apocrypha means hidden or spurious. We don't know who wrote them. It got into the Latin Vulgate bible which became the Roman Catholic bible. So the 11 apocaphal books are part of the RC bible.
The canon of scripture was closed in 90 AD. There were no extant copies of the apocrapha so it didn't make it into the bible. For more info see OT Survey.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Septuagint

The Pseudopigrapha

They are called "Pseudo" because they wern't written by the people whose names are on them.

1. The Testament of the 12 Patriarchs
2. The Psalms of Solomon
3. The Lives of the Prophets
4. The Book of Jubilee
5. The Testament of Job
6. The Gospel of Enoch
7. The Martyrdom of Isaiah
8. The Life of Adam and Eve
9. The Assumption of Moses
10.The Apocalypse of Abraham
11. 3 & 4 Maccabees
12. Various others

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pseudepigrapha

[Updated on: Fri, 11 May 2018 10:45]

Re: OT Theology #14 Literature [message #12475 is a reply to message #12474 ] Thu, 10 May 2018 11:56 Go to previous message
Mark L  is currently offline Mark L
Messages: 594
Registered: October 2006
Location: Canada
Senior Member
The NT Apocrapha

See NT Theology

Writings of the Early Church Fathers

These were written by devout learned men. They just didn't get into scripture.
EG. Nicene, Post Nicene, Ante Nicene fathers

The Targums

These were Aramaic translations and interpretations and paraphrases of parts of the OT. They were written about 100 AD. They are important because most Jews of the time spoke Aramaic.

The Talmud

The word means to study learn or instruction.
There were two Talmuds
1. The Palestinian Talmud. Written in Palestine about 275 AD
2. The Babylonian Talmud. Written by Jewish scholars in Babylon about 500 AD

The Talmuds are collections of oral tradition and interpretations of the scriptures and divided onto two parts.
1. The Mishnah. A collection of oral tradition and interpretation after Ezra until about 500 AD
2. The Gemara. A commentary on the Mishnah.
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