1. It commemorates the deliverance of Israel from bondage in Egypt
2. It commemorates the deliverance of their first born.
3. It is the beginning of their religious new year
4. It is the starting of the Hebrew nation (as a theocracy)
5. It typifies the sacrifice of Christ.
The Passover was eaten on the 14 Nissan (a heb. month). This was called the Passover feast or feast of unleavened bread Matt 26/17
It was celebrated from the 14th - 21st of Nissan. 7 days.
Celebration of the Passover in Later Times
After the temple (or tabernacle) was built the lamb was killed at the sanctuary not at home. The blood was sprinkled upon the alter not the house. The fat was burnt on the alter. The meaning of the passover was recited each year. Ex.12/24-27. They sang the Hallel (hallelujah) Ps1/13-18. There were many public and national sacrifices offered after the lamb.
There was a second or little passover on the 2nd month 14th day for those who were unclean or on a journey. Num.9/1-12
Remarks from Jewish Historians
1. Nor ordinary food eaten after midday on 14th Nissan
2. No uncircumcised person could eat of it.
3. Between 10 & 20 people could eat it together
Mark L Messages: 552 Registered: October 2006 Location: Canada
The Mode of Passover According to Josephus
cup of wine
the lamb was put before the elder. then the eldest son would ask"what does this mean"
The father would explain
The singing of hallel
eat the lamb
the 3thd & 4th cups of wine
the 2nd part of Hallel
Here we see Jewish tradition adding to what the bible taught.
The Passover as a Type
John 1/36 It was typical of Christ. 1 Cor 5/7 It has no other meaning aside from Christ. John 19/31-36
The Passover as a Sacrifice
The passover lamb was roasted. All other sacrifices were boiled.
It was eaten with unleavened bread which depicted the need of haste. The bitter herbs was sign of the bitterness of their bondage which showed the bitterness of death in the crucifixion. The sprinkling of the blood always in a sacrifice signifies deliverance from death. In Egypt it was over the house. In Israel it was over the alter to cover sin. It signified the covering of the believer. It was always the faith of the Israelite in doing what God said applying the blood that delivered them.
The Passover was more than a feast. It was also a sacrifice. Ex.12/27 calls it a sacrifice. The NT 11Cor. 5/7 calls it a sacrifice. It had to be slain at the temple when they had one like all the other sacrifices. The blood was sprinkled on the alter as an atonement.
What Class of Sacrifice is it?
1. It was not a sin offering. Only the priest could eat and touch the sin offering. The sin offering was cut up with some to the alter and some to the priest. The priest got the breast and thigh.
2. The Passover could belong to the class of peace offerings because like peace offerings the offerer ate it all. The Passover provides peace for us. The blood was sprinkled on the alter like the peace offering.