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OT Theology # 12 Sacred Seasons [message #12446] Sat, 10 March 2018 19:54 Go to next message
Mark L  is currently offline Mark L
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The Pilgrimage feasts

Passover

The term is Pesach. The Pascal Lamb or Pascal meal means the same thing. The term comes from Matt. 26/17 a Greek word out of the LXX. (Septuagint) It marks the beginning of the Jewish new year.

Ex.12, Ex.13/3-9, Ex.23/15, Lev.23/5, Num.28/16-26, Deut.16/1f

Its Purpose

1. It commemorates the deliverance of Israel from bondage in Egypt
2. It commemorates the deliverance of their first born.
3. It is the beginning of their religious new year
4. It is the starting of the Hebrew nation (as a theocracy)
5. It typifies the sacrifice of Christ.

The Passover was eaten on the 14 Nissan (a heb. month). This was called the Passover feast or feast of unleavened bread Matt 26/17
It was celebrated from the 14th - 21st of Nissan. 7 days.


Celebration of the Passover in Later Times

After the temple (or tabernacle) was built the lamb was killed at the sanctuary not at home. The blood was sprinkled upon the alter not the house. The fat was burnt on the alter. The meaning of the passover was recited each year. Ex.12/24-27. They sang the Hallel (hallelujah) Ps1/13-18. There were many public and national sacrifices offered after the lamb.
There was a second or little passover on the 2nd month 14th day for those who were unclean or on a journey. Num.9/1-12

Remarks from Jewish Historians

1. Nor ordinary food eaten after midday on 14th Nissan
2. No uncircumcised person could eat of it.
3. Between 10 & 20 people could eat it together

[Updated on: Sat, 10 March 2018 19:54]

Re: OT Theology # 12 Sacred Seasons [message #12447 is a reply to message #12446 ] Sat, 10 March 2018 20:37 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Mark L  is currently offline Mark L
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Registered: October 2006
Location: Canada
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Passover

The Mode of Passover According to Josephus

  1. cup of wine
  2. blessing asked
  3. bitter herbs
  4. unleaved bread
  5. the lamb was put before the elder. then the eldest son would ask"what does this mean"
  6. The father would explain
  7. The singing of hallel
  8. eat the lamb
  9. the 3thd & 4th cups of wine
  10. the 2nd part of Hallel


Here we see Jewish tradition adding to what the bible taught.

The Passover as a Type

John 1/36 It was typical of Christ. 1 Cor 5/7 It has no other meaning aside from Christ. John 19/31-36

The Passover as a Sacrifice

The passover lamb was roasted. All other sacrifices were boiled.
It was eaten with unleavened bread which depicted the need of haste. The bitter herbs was sign of the bitterness of their bondage which showed the bitterness of death in the crucifixion. The sprinkling of the blood always in a sacrifice signifies deliverance from death. In Egypt it was over the house. In Israel it was over the alter to cover sin. It signified the covering of the believer. It was always the faith of the Israelite in doing what God said applying the blood that delivered them.

The Passover was more than a feast. It was also a sacrifice. Ex.12/27 calls it a sacrifice. The NT 11Cor. 5/7 calls it a sacrifice. It had to be slain at the temple when they had one like all the other sacrifices. The blood was sprinkled on the alter as an atonement.

What Class of Sacrifice is it?

1. It was not a sin offering. Only the priest could eat and touch the sin offering. The sin offering was cut up with some to the alter and some to the priest. The priest got the breast and thigh.

2. The Passover could belong to the class of peace offerings because like peace offerings the offerer ate it all. The Passover provides peace for us. The blood was sprinkled on the alter like the peace offering.

Re: OT Theology # 12 Sacred Seasons [message #12448 is a reply to message #12446 ] Sun, 18 March 2018 15:22 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Mark L  is currently offline Mark L
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Pentecost

Heb. Term
There is no Heb term. The Gr. term means 50th. The Heb is "feast of weeks" or "feast of 7's". It is called the feast of weeks because it occurred 7 weeks after Passover.

Observance

It is also called the "feast of harvest" The Passover opened the summer harvest and Pentecost closed it.
Ex.23/16 It is also called the feast of 1st fruits. It is a one day feast celebrated on the 6th day of Savon.
The feature of the celebration was 2 loaves made of the first fruits of the wheat harvest. No one could eat of the harvest without presenting those loaves at the alter.

Later Jewish tradition held that the nation began on the day of Pentecost.

The Meaning of the Day of Pentecost

For Israel it meant the dedication of the whole harvest to God who gave it to then in the first place. To the Jew it was intended to remind him of this fact.
For the church it had its beginnings on this day. The churches message is the Passover. But they couldn't preach it until they got the empowering.


Re: OT Theology # 12 Sacred Seasons [message #12449 is a reply to message #12446 ] Sun, 18 March 2018 15:45 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Mark L  is currently offline Mark L
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Registered: October 2006
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Feast of Tabernacles

Heb. Term

Feast of Tabernacles or Feast of Booths
Lev.23/34-44

Observance

This was the greatest feast of rejoicing in Israel. The Jews call it Sukkot. It was not celebrated in Israel between Joshua and Nehemiah. Neh. 8/14-18 Nehemiah reinstituted it.
This is a feast even the gentiles will celebrated in the millennium.
John 7/1-2 Jesus partook of the this feast

I don't have a lot of info in my notes on this. Here is some more. If you haven't been up to Jerusalem/Israel its a great time to go. These people put on a big conference.
https://feast.icej.org/about


Re: OT Theology # 12 Sacred Seasons [message #12450 is a reply to message #12446 ] Sun, 18 March 2018 16:05 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Mark L  is currently offline Mark L
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Registered: October 2006
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The Day of Atonement

Introduction

Lev.16/2f They had to fast from the evening of the 9th day until the evening of the 10th day.
The atonement was for
1. the priesthood first (for themselves)
2. then for the people
3. then for the tabernacle and alter in the midst of a sinful people

On this day every priest had to take his place with the people. Only the high priest could make an atonement.

The ritual

The high priest would wash and put on holy linen garments and then offer a bullock as a sin offering for himself and his house.
He brought 2 goats out before the Lord and cast lots. One goat sacrificed for the sin offering for the nation and the other for Azazel
All the priest except the high priest were out with people. No one was in the temple/tabernacle vs 17
The high priest would take the blood and sprinkle it 7 times before the mercy seat.
The live goat was for Azazel. 16/7-10,20-22

Re: OT Theology # 12 Sacred Seasons [message #12451 is a reply to message #12446 ] Sun, 18 March 2018 16:35 Go to previous message
Mark L  is currently offline Mark L
Messages: 607
Registered: October 2006
Location: Canada
Senior Member
The Goat for Azazel

Text

Lev. 16/7-10,20-22

Interpretations (4 views)

1. It is a place

a) A lonely place in the wilderness where it was banished
b) Azazel was a mountain the goat was thrown off. If this was true then in their constant wanderings they would have left the mountain behind as it was a big desert.

2. It was a person.

The language in vs 8 suggests a person. It is a personal name.

a) It is the devil. The sins were being sent back to the prince of this kingdom who by them had hoped to enslave Israel.
b) It is a demon. An evil spirit who lived in the wilderness and sending the goat to him was the means of renouncing the kingdom of darkness.

Objections
a) Azazel occurs nowhere else in the bible. If he was this important a person to divide the sin offering with Lord surely his name would be elsewhere.
Seventh Day Adventists say one goat was Christ and one goat was Satan. They day the atonement is not yet finished as Satan has to bear away our iniquities. John 1/36
b) Both goats are presented to the Lord so both make an atonement.

3. It is simply an abstract noun meaning complete removal. The term is from the verb Azel which does not occur in Heb but does in Arabic which is a sister language. The Arabic verb means to remove or entire removal.
The term Azel is a reduplicated form of the Azel. It is pronounced twice to indicate intensity. Azel Azel or Azazel to show complete removal.

4. Azazel means the goat himself. The word itself is reduplicated and shows intensity but rather than being an abstract noun meaning removal it is a noun of agent and refers to the goat itself.
This is also Bro Freemans Opinion. That Azazel means the goat itself. Josephus believed it this way as well as Luther. The Latin Vulgate presented it this way. The KJV translators translated Azazel as scapegoat
There was 2 goats. One for yahveh and one for a remover. One goat provided a covering for sin and the other a removing of the sin forever. It is physically impossible to depict both ideas in one goat.
Isaiah 53 He bore away our sins and sickness

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