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OT Theology #11 Sacred Seasons [message #12442] Sat, 03 March 2018 20:37 Go to next message
Mark L  is currently offline Mark L
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Designations of the Sacred Times and Seasons

Sabbaths
New Moons
Pilgrimage Festivals
Festivals of the Seventh Month:
- The Feast of Trumpets
- The Day of Atonement
- The Feast of Tabernacles
The Sabbatical Year
The Year of Jubilee

The Biblical Texts

Ex. 23
Lev.23-25,27
Num. 28-29
Deut. 15-16

The Significance of the Sacred Seasons

They are called the "appointed times" in the Bible. Num.28/2 The Holy days or sacred seasons were to preserve by these seasons a remembrance of Israels election and deliverance. It was also a constant reminder that God was the author of all their earthly blessings and their continual dependence on him.

Celebration of the Holy Days

All the yearly feast days were called sabbaths and no work was to be done. The feast of Tabernacles and the Passover lasted a full week. The first and seventh days of these feasts were sabbaths. On the weekly sabbath and the Day of Atonement no work could be done on the threat of death. Rest only was required. The two week long feasts one could work between the two sabbaths.
The weekly sabbath and the Day of Atonement (Shabbat Shabbatom) were called high holy days. The weekly sabbath and the sabbatical feast days were called "holy convocations". On the three sabbath feast days all males were required to go up to Jerusalem to appear before the Lord. Ex.23/14,17 Deut. 16/16. The had to bring their tithes and Deuteronomic tithes.


Re: OT Theology #11 Sacred Seasons [message #12443 is a reply to message #12442 ] Sat, 03 March 2018 21:08 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Mark L  is currently offline Mark L
Messages: 587
Registered: October 2006
Location: Canada
Senior Member
The Sabbatical Seasons

1. The Weekly Sabbath


Its Origin

Gen. 2/2 God rested. The Heb word there is the root of the word for sabbath.
Ex.20/8-11 the seventh day and the seventh commandment
Gen.7/4-10, 8/10-12 References to seven day periods. He made a seven day week and then blessed 1/7 of it. There is no sabbath until we get to the law. Even the word for sabbaths isn't used in Genesis which is many centuries long.

The Sabbath in the Mosaic Period

Ex.16/21-30 This is the first mention of the sabbath.
Gen.2/3 God called the sabbath a blessing not a legalistic burden.
Mark 2/23-27 Jesus here in the OT dispensation showed his attitude toward how the sabbath was to be kept. The point is it is to be a blessing.

The Sabbath in the Post Mosaic Period

The early historians and prophets mention it.
11Kings 4/23, Amos 8/5, Hosea2/11, Isaiah 1/13, Ezek. 46/3
Many promises were made to the Jews who will faithfully observe Gods sabbath. Jer.17/21-27 Isaiah 56/2-4, 58/13, Ezek 20/12-24

The sabbath in the Post Exilic period

This is where the synagogue begins. It is not just the sabbath now but an emphasis on study as well. There was a reading of the law on various feast days. During this time the sabbath became a time for the study of the law. It was during this period that all the legalistic interpretations of the law came.
Until this time the sabbath was a blessing. Outside of Jesus claim to be messiah the one thing that aroused the religious leaders to wrath was Jesus observance of the sabbath. This happened all through the gospels. John 5/8-16. This was the one thing outside his being messiah that led to his crucifixion.


The Eschatological Sabbath

1. The cessation of the sabbath in the age of grace.
Hosea 2/11 This was part of Israels punishment. Some always have ans some still do celebrate the sabbath but God isn't recognizing it.
2. The sabbath will be reestablished during the millennium for Israel. Isaiah 66/23

[Updated on: Sat, 03 March 2018 21:29]

Re: OT Theology #11 Sacred Seasons [message #12444 is a reply to message #12442 ] Sat, 03 March 2018 21:43 Go to previous messageGo to next message
Mark L  is currently offline Mark L
Messages: 587
Registered: October 2006
Location: Canada
Senior Member
The Sabbatical Seasons

2. The Sabbatical Year

Every seventh year the land was to rest (not be cultivated or farmed) and all debts were to be canceled.

Why?

a) Ex.23/ 10-11 so the poor could eat and the beasts of the field could eat

b) It was rest for the land itself. Lev.25/1-7
How were they to eat then the 7th and 8th years?
Lev.25/20-22
This isn't tos ay they couldn't make money in other ways or hunt etc. but they couldn't work as a farmer.

c) all debts were canceled every seventh year. Deut. 15/1-6
The Lords release.
Deut 15/9-10 Even a debt borrowed in the 6th year was canceled. Obedience brought blessing.

d) During the sabbatical year at the feast of tabernacles the entire law was read to everyone.

Re: OT Theology #11 Sacred Seasons [message #12445 is a reply to message #12442 ] Sat, 03 March 2018 22:28 Go to previous message
Mark L  is currently offline Mark L
Messages: 587
Registered: October 2006
Location: Canada
Senior Member
The Sabbatical Seasons

3. The year of Jubilee


The Hebrew Term.
In the bible itis called the "Year of the Rams Horn"

Observance

7X7 sabbatical yrs then the 50th is the Jubilee
Lev. 25,27 Num.36/4
Everything was restored. All lands and people. So there was 4 yrs with no sowing or reaping

Reasons for the Jubilee year.

1/ It tended to abolish poverty. all debt was canceled and an impoverished family could start over.
2/it prevented large accumulations of wealth and poverty. One couldn't get rich off his bro.
3/ It prevented any true slavery from being established. There was much serventude but no true slavery.
4/ This year gave Israel time to do other things. Study the law, fish, hunt, raise bees etc.
5/ it preserved the tribes and families the way God intended. All property was restored.

It is interesting that one of the reasons for the exile was because this jubilee yr was never practiced in Israel. Which is odd considering some of the Godly kings they had.

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